Monday, June 3, 2013

Hebrews: "The sinful heart of unbelief"

Intro
Greetings in Christ.  This a commentary I have written On the epistle to the Hebrews. It is a verse by verse commentary. It's nature is very practical and ministerial.  I wrote this material in the course of of a bible study and sermon series. It is not particularly scholarly based. Nor does it focus on the greek text.  The goal of this exposition is to simply get the raw meaning of the text and I feel I got that from my studies. I pray that is translated to you as well.
In Christ,
Bro. Matt

Preface
Hebrews is a letter to Jewish Christians.
No one knows the author.
I don't think it was Paul because he did not sign it. And it is not to necessarily a specific place. Also Paul was an apostle to the Gentiles. It was probably one of Paul's friends though.
The date is said between 67-69.
Sacrifices were still made. The temple was destroyed though in ad70. People were a generationn removed from christ and Timothy had just got out of jail…

The word "Hebrew" comes from the Egyptian word habiru. Referring to a poor migrant people. Who knows? Maybe that is where we get the term hobo? Lol
The word Hebrew comes from the Egyptian word habiru. Referring to a poor migrant people. Who knows? Maybe that is where we get the term hobo? Lol

So Prologue:
God had made a covenant with the Jews. Promising the messiah.
If the Jews had accepted the messiah, Christ would have comeback early and taken over the world. But they as
..
The majority of Jews rejected Jesus as their messiah eventually.
..But many Gentiles started coming to faith.
Paul was givin a revelation concerning the Gentiles and how we are "grafted in" we were spiritual ancestors of Abraham and given the spiritual inheritance. The physical promises are waiting for jews to repent and accept Christ
..
The nation has been held off from repentance giving the world time to accept Christ.
So the period between John the baptist and Paul. You have the gospel of the kingdom. Where most all Christians are Jews. They learn of the resurrection and salvation.?but they had not fully comprehended it yet.
..A lot of these "messianic Jews" were expecting Jesus to return soon and take over Israel. They sold all their possessions in anticipation.
You can imagine they were upset when Jesus hadn't come back and they were penniless.
Also they were used to all the rituals and partying of temple worship.
All the Christians were doing is hanging out in each others houses.
So there was a big appeal to leaving the faith and going back to Judaism.
..The OT religion is designed to look forward to the first coming. So continuing in that religion will just lure people back to Judaism.
Their have even been recent examples of messianic Jews being proselytized into rabbinic Judaism. So this is the background of Hebrews
So I do my studies from the Kjv.
I will occasionally explain difficult words or concepts.

Chapter 1
Vrs.1 sundry times=several times
In the O.T. God spoke in many different ways.
Vrs. 2 Jesus is the ultimate revelation of the N.T. The prophets lead up to Christ. But the apostles flow from Christ.
As Christ/messiah Jesus is the heir of all things or "king of the world"
Ves. 3 glory= light of god
Jesus is the light and image of God.
Jesus is also God and therefore upholds the universe
Which gave him authority to "purge"/cleanse us of sins
4. Jesus is far beyond and superior to the angels. The Hebrews had a great reverence for angels and their power. Yet Jesus is so much more!
5. Jesus is the only begotten son
Many angels and saints can use a title "son" or "child" of God. But Jesus
is the "only begotten" Son. I think this is talking about the incarnation.
Some theologians argue that instead the logos/deity of christ was begotten in eternity past. But I think that is confusing and causes problems. So I believe when we call the second person of the trinity/logos the sun, it is because of the incarnation of Christ. Or when Jesus was born.

..Hebrews 1;6-7
As powerful and awe inspiring as angels are, they worship Jesus.
..Vrs 8 the Son or messiah is called God in psalm 45:6 and the messiah is blessed by God..
..So in the book of Hebrews there are atom of old testament references and quotes. Here are references in order for chapter 1.
Psalm 110:1,psalm 2:7, 2samuel 7:14, psalm 104:4, psalm 45:6-7. Psalm 102:25-27, psalm 110:1
..[verse 1:8 sceptre can be seen as a shepherd staff, a symbol of authority.
The authority of righteousness is in fact the authority of God.
/of God's kingdom
vrs. 9 it is the love of righteosness that motivates the father to anoint the messiah
vrs 10 christ is the maker of heaven and erht
earth
..vrs 11 wax=grow
people show grow Old yet Christ shall rememain eternal
vesture=robe
folds them up and they shall be changed
vesture=robe
folds them up and they shall be changed
vesture is in vrs 12
13 "sit at my right hand. this occured in mark 16:19 at the ascension when christ ascended into heaven he sat down at the right hand of the father.
Also psalm 110 where King david says "The LORD said unto my Lord" or The Jehovah said unto my Adonai." The is the Old Testament claiming the deity of the Messiah. In other words the Old Testament claims jesus is God!!
The angels shall one day serve the saints
that was verse 14 and then end of chapter 1

Chapter 2
Hebrews2:1-3 we need to preserve the gospel. The Old Testament authority if angels was binding and payment was given upon obedience,
The authority of Christ is obviously superior.
..Vrs.4 So Christ would speak and then His apostles. The authority of the apostles would be confirmed by miraculous signs and wonders. And gifts of the holy spirit.
Some will Argue the since spiritual gifts are brought up, the. Therefore the miraculous gifts were restricted to the apostles or the first century church.
While I agree that the apostles had
A unique anointing. We still have gifts of our own.
..Vrs.5 There will be another age to come. We call it a dispensation.( A period of time where dispenses his authority over the world in a different way relating to mankind.)
This verse refers to the next dispensation. The thousand year reign of Christ. (revelation 20:1-5)
During this period the Angels shall have authority over the earth.
..Vrs. "a certain place" the author is quoting scripture though he forgot the reference. But it is I psalm 8 with some job
..Why are you the crown of all creation? Why were you picked to have dominion over the earth.
This vrs6
"the son of man" is a title for the messiah
Why should Christ have visited us?
..Vrs 7 a little lower than the angels"
In the psalms the Hebrew says a little lower than the Elohim (or god). In the letter of Hebrews, the Greek says "lower than God".
..Correction the Greek says " lower than angels"
The author is not trying to get the meaning of psalms but make implications from the scriptures that will corroborate his point.
His point is "the son of man" Jesus was made a little lower than the angels.
..Vrs. Jesus is Sovereign over all things since Jesus is Lord!
Vrs 8
..Vrs 9 Jesus who is the son/word now humiliated to the purpose of death is now show as glorified and exalted with honor.
That the man Christ Jesus as a gift from God should die for every man. Jesus is the atonement for the sins of all mankind.
..
Vrs. 10 for Jesus for whom universe revolves around created salvation to bring many in the family of God. By way of his suffering on the cross.
..Vrs. 11jesus who makes us holy and us who are made holy are now part of one family of God!
Jesus is happy to call us his brothers and sisters!
..Vrs. 12 Jesus will declare the name of Jehovah in the middle of congregation or church. And sing praises to God. This was prophesied in psalm 22:22. It was fulfilled in Matthew 26:30, mark 14:26.
So Jesus was a worship leader!
..Vrs. 13 Christ will trust in God for salvation from death psalm 18:2. Isaiah 8:18 Christ receives us as his children as well
..Vrs 14. In communion we are bound through the flesh and blood of Christ. (legally/symbolically, by covenant) Jesus binds his righteous essence to our deaths. Since christ is God he can not die. So he defeats the force of death and the innovated of death, who is Satan.
15. Humanity is psychologically enslaved by the concept of death. Christianity liberates us by destroying the concept and philosophy.
16. Jesus did not come as an angel to save angels. But he came as a man through the seed of Abraham.
Vrs.17. He chose to be a man. So that he file be our savior. And as our high priest make propitiation and reconciliation with God.
Vrs. 18 he overcame temptation to secure us though we are tempted ourselves

Chapter 3
Vrs 1. Holy brethren, holy=sanctified
Partakers=partners
Partners with a heavenly job
Apostle = messenger
High priest= mediator with God
Profession= the content of faith
..Jesus is compared with Moses the mediator of the Old Covenant.
Vrs 3 the glory of Moses pales in comparison with Christ. Because Christ is personally superior to Moses.
Vrs.4 basically houses (establishments) are designed by men. But God creates the houses and the men who build them.
..Vrs.5. There is no doubt that Moses was a faithful servant and the Old Covenant which he mediated will be a testimony or build the case for the future.
Vrs. 6 Christ is not simply a servant though he is the son.

This is a good time to cross reference this passage with Galatians 4
..We are of Christ house, the New testament if we tightly hold on the
" confidence"= aspect of faith
And rejoicing which comes through the hope
Hope= the object of faith or= the anchor of faith. Which is Christ
"Unto the end" Christians are to persevere in faith
Hebrews 3:7 today
Psalms 95:7
.."the spirit says"
The Holy Spirit is ultimately the author of scripture
..7-11 this psalm is referring to Jewish wanderings in the wilderness. When God's people grew tired of the direction of God.
In temptation they tested the lord
..These people thought they could follow the law though they broke it constantly. In the end they had not truly given the hearts from God.
..It should be noted the not only are e horted
Exhorted to believe but that we are to beware of the son of disbelief in our hearts. The Hebrews had not accomplished belief in their hearts.
..They shall not enter my rest"
Where do we rest?
The bedroom.
The holy of holies
They would not obtain intimacy with God.
..Falling in sin is essentially unbelief in our hearts
The Hebrews could not enter the promised land because they did not have faith. Just as we can not enter heaven without faith
..Hebrews 3:14
We have fellowship with christ if we have a lifelong commitment.
Just like we should marry to be intimate.

Chapter 4
:1 "let us therefore fear" this referring to Hebrew Christians
This is used in a religious sense. Not all of them were born again. They were Hebrews who worshipped the messiah.
App. You can attend a church service and be called a Christian, but yet never be born again.
.."into his rest" refers to His bedroom, or heaven.
Some Hebrews might not make it to heaven.
2. The gospel, which is the power of God unto salvation (Romans 1:16), is preached to the saints and the sinners. But the gospel means nothing if you do not believe.

In my wrath" the last 2 chapters the author has been meditating in psalm 95
And the unbelief of the Hebrews in the wilderness.
"finished from the foundation of the world" not only had God completed creating their earth but also His plans for salvation and the end times. Prior to the seventh day(sabbath)
As proved in verse 4
Verse 5
The rest had not been obtained.
God's " rest" or heaven is still available.
Vrs6 the Hebrews would not enter because of disobedience.
Yet going back to psalm 95 the invitation is left open by David with the phrase "today, if you will hear his voice, do not harden your hearts"
..
Vrs. 8 Joshua did not provide this rest, so it is still later.
Vrs 9 heaven is available!
Vrs. 10 if you have ceased from your works then you will enter the rest just like God   So in death you cease from work
In heaven you cease from work
In salvation you cease from work, if heaven/rest is in your heart.
:-)
Hebrews 4:11

We must persevere in our faith, lest our sins drag us into unbelief. So that we may enter the rest of heaven.
..

Hebrews 4:12
The word of God is sharp.
It is incredibly accurate to a microscopic level.
Most average preaching interprets the bible loosely. They only quote the bible a little bit, there are not a lot of preachers that go through the bible. When they do most of them will preach from a looser translation which will not translate every word in the original languages. Why is this?
Because it is their doctrine that the word of God is a rusty dull blade. That if you look at the Word of God closely enough, you will find contradictions errors.
It is my doctrine that if you look at the Word of God more closely you will find tons of contradictions and errors IN YOURSELF! Not in the Word of God!
..

The Word of God in scripture is the same as the Word of God Jesus Christ(god nature of Jesus)
Because God is holy, Jesus has no sin.
Because Jesus is the truth the word of God has no lies.

For more info on Jesus the Word of God, read John 1

Two edged" not only does this make a weapon more effective. It also has a dangerous aspect. The Word of God can pierce our enemies. But it can cut us if we mishandle it.
..

Divide" bone marrow and joints are intimately connected, but there is a slight division.
The same with the soul and spirit.
Though very similar there is a division.
From my studies the spirit represents our life force and our sub conscience. The soul means our mind will and emotions, conscience.
..
The word of God is so accurate that it can discern these things.


Hebrews 4:13
The word of God has authority over all things. Because it is God and God knows all.

..Hebrews 6:10 the author is personally convinced that his audience will be secure in their salvation, because the author has seen evidence of their faith in their love and divide" bone marrow and joints are intimately connected, but there is a slight division.
The same with the soul and spirit.
Though very similar there is a division.
From my studies the spirit represents our life force and our sub conscience. The soul means our mind will and emotions, conscience.

The word of God is so accurate that it can discern these things.
..Hebrews 4:13
The word of God has authority over all things. Because it is God and God knows all.
..

Hebrews 4:14
So Jesus is better than than angels. Jesus is greater than the prophets/apostles. Now we will learn that Jesus is the greatest priest.
He is the high priest who passed through the heavens
..The temple is a symbol. The outer court is the world. The holy place is abrham's bosom/ paradise. The holy of holies is heaven.
Every year the high priest will go to the holy of holies to make atonement. But Jesus went literally to Heaven to intercede for us.
..With such a feat the messianic Jews need to hold their profession of faith and not be seduced back to Judaism
..Vrs. 15 Jesus our high priest, is not untouchable.
He understands our infirmities.(sicknesses!weaknesses). He has had his share.
"he was in all points tempted"
Theologians argue about if Christ, though he never sinned, was he capable of sinning?
I believe that Christ was just as tempted as we are. He simply made the choice not to sin every time. Though Christ never would sin, he still feels just as tempted as us.
..16. "Come boldly to the throne room of grace"
Most rulers are unapproachable and can not be bothered.
But Christ is the opposite. He wants us to have intimacy with Him, without hesitation.

Chapter 5
:1 Every culture had a priesthood because everyone believed in God at first.
Their job was to give God gifts of worship or sacrifices for sins.
These. We're sacrifices for individual sins.
..A priest needs be able to relate to their community and relate to being ignorant of God and attuggle with sickness.
The priest also has to give their own sacrifices before God.
..4. We have no honor in and of ourselves.
We see this even of Aaron the first mosaic high priest.
..Jesus didn't try to honor himself with the title of priest but he recieved the title "son of God" The Father encouraged the Son With this title.
..6. Psalm 110 though Christ did not glorify himself he recieved an eternal priesthood.
Jesus suffered heartache for us in his priestly prayers.
As a priest Christ was obedient unto God.And through his righteousness He has created salvation for us. If we obey him with faith.
Called=employed to be a high priest after the order of melchizedek
..Vrs. 11 we have many things to say about the priesthood of Melchizedek but it is "hard to be uttered" or meaning hard for you to interpret because "ye[hebrew Christians] are dull of hearing." don't understand.
..Vrs. 12 even though the Hebrew Christians are experience enough that they should be teachers. They are still in need to be educated. And specifically the education of the basic/elementary teachings."principles" of the "oracles" word of God.
They are dependent on milk instead of strong meat. (baby Christians)
..13. They need milk because they are "unskilled"
In "the word of righteousness". ( the teachings on the righteousness of God, or justification, Romans 2-4)
..We need to grow to eat solid food/ meat. So that we can grow and receive the bread of life which is the Word of God.
That we can learn adult teachings knowing good and evil.
..How many of us should be teachers and evangelists?
Yet we have not grown up spiritually. We haven't spent time in the word of God. We haven't spent the time with God.
We have to stop wasting time! We have billions of people to evangelize and disciple.

Chapter 6
:1 "therefore" in order to get to maturity
We must have the "principles" or fundamental/foundation understanding of the doctrine/teaching of Christ,
.."Let go onto perfection"
Perfect not meaning absolute, but meaning "whole" "complete" or just right,
Illustration. If I am going to flip an egg in order to keep the yoke, if I accomplish this it is perfect. Not because there is an absolute way to flip the egg. But the yoke was complete and whole or just right.
.."not laying again the foundations of repentance from dead works"
Repent: simply means to change or turn away
Dead works is metaphorical of unregenerate/unborn-again legalistic religion. In other words stop being legalistic instead living by grace.
..And of "eternal judgement" = heaven and hell
Vrs.2 "doctrine of baptisms", probably that baptism is the initiation of the saint into the Christian religion and church but not salvation.
Laying on of hands= how ministers are ordained
Resurrection of the dead= the second coming
..Vrs. 3 "if God permit" God will fill us with the spirit, bringing us to
Maturity.
What would make God not permit that??
Perhaps "the evil heart of unbelief" for 11:6 without faith it is impossible to please God.
..Vrs. 4 "it is impossible" For "those"
Enlightened= become aware of the light/knowledge
..Tasted of the heavenly gift: metaphor of communion/Lord's Supper; having been in covenant with God.
.."partakers" = partners
"Of the Holy Spirit" people work with The Holy Spirit to minister.
..Vrs.5 have tasted the good word of God" = bread of life
..Powers= type of angels
World to come.
They have tasted, understood, the revelation of the end times.
..Vrs 6. If they shall fall away=apostasy leave the faith
..To renew "unto repentance"
They can't be saved all over again. If so then salvation did not work in the first place.
This has defiled the crucifixion " open shame" because Christ salvation failed.
..The earth is blessed with rain and receives a coat of plants. But the thorns from the rain are a curse.
..Ultimate these plants are burned.
Those who will not be faithful and do not recieve the gospel are curse ready for burnng
Vrs. 9 but= this not normal of Christianity
..Better things for you
The believers
..The author is convinced that the believers will recieve those things which come from salvation. The apostates were never saved.
They fell away from the church.
d ministry to other Christians.
..Vrs. 11 the church's goal is for these followers would study the word of God and the gospels to the point where they can attain full assurance of their faith.
It's one thing to be part of the group. It is another thing to study God's Word and seek God on your own, so that you may know from Him that you are saved.
..Vrs. 12 Don't be lazy!
But be a hood Christian who is faithful and patient awaiting the promises of eternal life.
..Vrs.13 Remember God's promises to Abraham. God swore upon himself since there was no greater authority
Promising that he would multiply him, in other words make him a great nation
Vrs 15 Abraham waited patiently
Typically an oath is sworn by higher authorities to end debate. God swore on Himself. In other words promised as long as he existed this would all come to pass.
18 these promises are "immutable" or unchanging. First god's promise and then God's oath because God doesn't lie.
Our soul is anchored by this. We may drift but the anchor will always hold.
..hebrews 6:19b "entereth in veil" is worthy of entering the Holy of Holies."
vrs.20 forerunner Christ has previously entered the temple for us in the "order" or rank of melchisedek.
..Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
..
Chapter 7
:1 king meant a tribal leader and land owner of the time.
"slaughter of kings" genesis 14 a battle between 5 tribes at the dead sea. The king of sodom was defeated. He lost all his possessions . People were kidnapped including lot Abraham's nephew
..So Abraham went with his men and rescued them.
..Melchizedek was called the king of righteousness and the king of peace.
He was a priest. Under the covenant and dispensation with Noah.
..He blessed according to El Elyon " the lord most high"
This was the universal God of heaven and earth.
..Abraham came to melchesedek to give a tithe of his possessions. Tithe=one/tenth
Vrs. 2 melchisedek is called "king of righteousness" and "king of peace".
Later titles of Christ.
When it says without father and mother and beginning of days. The reference is referring to the record and not actually designating melchisedek as non-human.
This reference is placing melchisedek in a universal light and no longer limiting him to one nationality, ethnicity/race.
Vrs4. Melchisedeks role is exalted.
..Vrs. 5 melchisedeks role is superior to Levi. The family priesthood of Israel.
This points to a priesthood for all-mankind and not simply the Jews.
..The priority is to the priesthood of melchisedek. Because the dispensation of Noah has priority.
Which means that the gospel has a universal priority.
..
vrs.6-7 Abraham's submission to melchisedek means that His descendents were subordinate to this priest hood. And that the levites along with I srael recieved there authority through this priesthood. ..vrs.8 with no record of melchisedek's death the subordination to this priesthood is permanent. ..Since the levitical priesthood is inferior it is not perfect and permanent. and if there is a different priest hood there is a different law. ..vrs. 13 this brings a conflict because Israel has not based any longer upon melchisedeck and their performance of the law does not fulfill the dictates of melchisedek Jesus came out of Judah which means that he was not in the order of the priesthood of Aaron. -vrs14 vrs. 15 and there is a prophecy concerning a future priesthood of melchisedek vrs.16 who made not under the law, but of an eternal priesthood. ..vrs. who made not under the law, but of an eternal priesthood. vrs. 17 the prophesy in psalm 110 shows David's Lord as being forever after the order of Melchisedek ..Vrs. 18 So there is a dis annulling of the commandment. The law is made void under the melchisedek priesthood. ..Vrs. Law made nothing perfect. Law NEVER saves! Think about this passage when talking to a Christian who tries to live according to the law. ..But bringing a better hope draws us closer to God. ..Vrs. 20 God swore that Jesus would be made a priest upon an oath. Vrs. 21 he did not swear anybody else would be a priest. ..So Jesus was sure to bring us a better covenant relationship to God. 23. And since Jesus never died, our priesthood has been made sure. ..Vrs. 24 Through melchisedek Jesus has an unchangeable priesthood. Vrs. 25 and he is able to completely save everyone who comes to him for all eternity. ..Vrs26 our highest priest is sinless and in the highest if heavens Vrs. 27 he made the perfect sacrifice once and does not need to repeat it. 28. The law is perpetuated by sinful men but grace is perpetuated by our perfect messiah! ..

Chapter 8
To sum everything up.


Jesus is the high priest who sits at the right hand of God.

If anyone can speak to God on our behalf, no one is more qualified than him.

..The tabernacle of Moses was designed to be symbolic of the heavenly realm. But Jesus is in the literal heavenly realm as a priest.

..Hebrews8:5

Exodus 25:40,26:30

Vrs. 6 the office of Christ in His priesthood is superior, because Christ will mediate a superior covenant.

Mediator=meaning he will work out a deal between mankind and God.

Covenant: a holy contractual enduring relationship

Vrs. 7 Just as the priesthood was not flawless; neither was the covenant.

8-9= jerimiah 31:31-34

11-12 as well

Israel and Judah were not faithful to the Old Covenant and so God could not keep that covenant with them anyway.

..Instead of a covenant with external law.

God will write out his new covenant upon their hearts.

I believe this is referring to regeneration.

..Vrs. 11 why does everyone know the Lord? They don't seem to at this point.

This is referred to at a time when the New Covenant will be completely fulfilled.

This covenant is with the Jews.

For now most of the Jews have rejected it while the gentile Christians have received the spiritual promises of the New Covenant.

But when Jesus returns the Jews will repent and receive the physical inheritance.

For further study read Romans 11, revelation 20
Vrs. 12-13 God has made a Covenant to save His people and this renders the old.... "old"!

Chapter 9
Worldly sanctuary= Earthly sanctuary

The tabernacle was entirely symbolic of heavenly reality.

Vrs. 2. The candlestick/lamp

The table

The show bread
These were in the sanctuary or holy place of the tabernacle

Vrs.3 The sanctuary was separated by a veil to another room known as the holiest of holies.

Vrs.4 Within that are the golden censor

The ark of the covenant(covered in gold)

Inside the ark is the golden pot with manna

And Aaron's rod

And the tablets which held the ten commandments

Vrs.5 on the ark are these figurines of cherubim aimed at the mercy seat in between them
Here is where the priest regularly worked

...Vrs 6-7 now the priest would minister in the sanctuary and only once a year would the high priest enter the holiest of holies


Which would only happen after blood was sacrificed for himself so that sacrifices could be made for sins Israel unwittingly committed


8. This was symbolic of the fact that the way to the holiest of holies was not available to the people.  Also that as long as the first tabernacle was in place the way was closed

10. These things could not even save the soul/conscience of the high priest. How could anyone be saved?
But Christ has a tabernacle which is not man made and could never fall down.

Vrs. 10 speaking of divers washings could also be a warning of correction to the church today concerning baptism as well as other sacraments and ordinances.



Vrs. 12

The power of sacrificial offering was only on the value of the blood of clean animals.
But the blood of Christ offered a superior sacrifice of value to enter the true and literal holy of holies
Let us assume the power of the animals sacrifice be of enough value to cover our sins on the temporal level

...Jesus was offered by the eternal holy spirit. Making a sacrifice that transcended space and time.




Vrs 14. Imagine the power of such an omnipotent sacrifice. How much more is the blood of the only begotten Son of God able to cleanse us from sin?

Dead works. Legalism is equated with sin. Because it is a lifestyle which can not cleanse us from sin.



Vrs.15 the mediator of the new testament. A mediator makes reconciliation between 2 parties

His blood is the redemption for the old covenant as well as the new.


"called" or employed, servants of God have the chance at eternal life.


Vrs. 16 the language switches from covenant to Testament to remind us that this is like a last will and testament.
Vrs. 17 a testament or Will is only put into use after the author of the will dies.
If I will you my car, you won't get it until I am dead
So the covenant is never placed in operation until blood is shed, which is the symbol of death genesis 9:
Gen9:4-6
Hebrews 9:18-19
So even the old "mosaic" covenant was dedicated with blood
So most sprinkle the book and all the people in blood.
This was the first real red-letter bible!
9:20 so the blood inaugurated the covenant.
Vrs.21 so everything including the tabernacle was sprinkled with blood since it was under this covenant.
The reason for all this blood was to cover sin. Because without the shedding of blood the wrath of God will never be appeased.
Hell is without blood to pay penalty for sin.
Everything hellhound is not atoned for. Everything of heaven is stoned by blood.
Vrs. 23 it was necessary that the earthly tabernacle be atoned this way. But the eternal heavens need s greater sacrifice.
Vrs. 24 Christ is just some religious leader.
He is personally going to Heaven to make God at peace with mankind,
Vrs.25-26 since Jesus is eternal he doesn't have to spend eternity offering sacrifices unto God. He is able to make one eternal sacrifice.
9:27 since Jesus was a man, a man only dies once
After word man faces judgement.
Jesus made one sacrifice for the sins of many. So that those who trust him will find him glorified as their savior on judgement day.
Hebrews 9:28 "We also see strict language that there will be a second "a second time" but not a 3rd or fourth etc.

Chapter 10
:1 shadow vrs. Image. A shadow identifies in a distorted way. But an image is a replica
This was an Imperfect system so it could never make anyone perfect
Vrs.2 if the system was perfect then it would have worked the first time instead of having to be repeated over and over.
Vrs.3 the sins then are brought up again and again.
Vrs.4 so then animals can not erase the stain of sin before God.
But what about the shedding of blood for remission of sins? 9:22
That was remissions of sins in the earthly tabernacle. These sacrifices were for justice in the nation of Israel. Yet they were not eternal sacrifices.
Vrs. 5-6 Our sacrifices are not required psalm 40:6.
Isaiah 1:11
But Christ has come as a body for us
He comes written in the volume of a book.
The Bible!
This is a prophecy about the completion of the canon of scripture.
Hebrews 10:7
Is a quote from psalm 40:8
The author of Hebrews is now meditating on this psalm
David was a man after God's own heart and in the psalms many times you can see Jesus coming through as is here.
Vrs 8The offerings and sacrifices of the temple could not satisfy the wrath of God.
Which are part of the mosaic covenant.
Jesus came to completely fulfill the covenant of Moses, in order to establish the New Covenant.
Vrs. 9 Jesus came to fulfill the law
Vrs. 10 so Jesus has established our sanctification eternally through his body once and for all.
This by the way, is in strict contradiction to the Roman Catholic doctrine of the mass. Whereby they re-offer his body and blood every ceremony.
Vrs. 11 no priest can satisfy this delimma of sin no matter how many sacrifices they make. Only Christ
Vrs.12 after Christ had made one sacrifice for sins sat down forever at the right hand of God.
Psalm 110:1, mark 16:19
Vrs 13. Awaiting his enemies to be in subjection to him.
Vrs. 14 in Christ sanctified offering he perfected/completed them which are sanctified/regenerated
Vrs. The holy spirit witness to us in our hearts about the great change that has taken place.
He then points us in vrs. 16 to the New Covenant.
Implying that God has made the change by putting the law into our hearts.
Vrs. 16
As well their minds. This not mystical but a cognitive process
And so in our spirit of faith we soon become convinced and assured of our salvation.
Vrs. 17 a forgivess or salvation which is permanent. No more remberance. As God is omniscient. This is speaking in relational terms.

Omniscient = all-knowing
If there is no remembrance of sin then there should be no more offering.!
Vrs. 19 Christians need boldness in pursuing there relationship with God the Father.
We have full access now to the Holy of Holies.
Vrs. 20 a "new and living way." Way meaning religion.
That is in the holiest of holies.
Through the body of Christ.
And now that we have the high priest of melchisedek Jesus Christ.
Over the "house of God" the church
Now we have a heart energized by the true faith.
And the true and faith ful Christian is boron again and regenerate.
We in God's congregation have full assurance of salvation
Vrs. 23 "profession of our faith"
Our beliefs which we preach )expanded gospel story)
Our bodies washed with pure water.

The baptism as well as the cleansing of that which is unclean
We are to keep our faith without changing it. Because our salvation never changes.
24. Let us love each other. And encourage each other toward that end.
25. Not forsaking church(assembling)
We are family!
Hebrews 10:25 the day draws near (the return of Christ: theologically the rapture of the church
26: "the knowledge of the truth"
The gospel of grace as taught in this epistle. " Sin" the sin specifically here would be to abandon the Christian faith.
The sacrificial system is done away with so there is no forgiveness outside of christian forgiveness.
27. So there is nothing left outside of Christianity but hell.
But remember this is for religious Christians who never accepted the gospel to be born again.
So life is torture because all that is left is judgement
28. The authority of Moses was unrelenting if proven by two or three witnesses.  The authority of Christ is absolute with eternal consequences (hell).
After all to reject the gospel is to mock the sacrificed blood of Christ and to insult the holy spirit of God.
30. The Hebrew people are accountable to their God. They know better than to question him. As such the new covenant people owe God Lordship.



We should fear God in Christ
32. "call to remembrance" the author is asking the hebrew Christians to remember when they were persecuted for leaving their traditions to be come followers of the way.
33. He asked them not only to remember their individual pain. But the pain of their friends and how alienated they felt.
34. They had compassion on the author as they gladly helped him out financially. Knowing they had a greater reward in heaven.
34. They had compassion on the author as they gladly helped him out financially. Knowing they had a greater reward in heaven.
Vrs. 35 do not lose faith because heaven is a treasure that is awaiting for you.
36. We need to be patient waiting for the results of our salvation.
37. With it is death or the rapture, Jesus is coming much sooner than we think.
38. We are acceptable by faith but if we donor we will have no reward
My soul.. The author is adding a revelation.


Christ=my soul" here



Vrs. 39 True believers have the holy spirit enabling them to persevere.

They are not headed to destruction.

Hebrews 11



Faith is here defined



"Substance" is actually old English. Referring to a numerical amount. Like in the situation of trading goods. It is an item of value



Tyndale's edition translated it as a confidence
It is confidence of things hoped for and the e idence of things unseen.
Scholars have noted that faith can be simply translated believe.

It is trusting in the knowledge of God's revelation
It should also be noted that faith is logical and should notbeconfused with fantasy
Vrs. Through this faith the "elders"
I would argue this is referring to the old testament patriarch's as opposed to clergy
Vrs 2 obtained a good report.
Vrs. By trusting in God's revelation we understand that God is the greater of all things
3b states that the material world was not made by the material world. Which contradicts evolution.
Vrs.4 abel is brought up first. It says that he pleased God through faith, which gave him a more excellent sacrifice. Not only was his sacrifice more proper, being a blood sacrifice. But it was a righteous/contrite heart that offered it. As a result his memory lives on as a testimony while so few of that dispensation are remembered.
Vrs.5 Enoch was "translated" or glorified, so that he could walk to heaven. By faith he pleased God, which enabled this to happen.
Vrs. 6 speaks for itself. Faith is the key to relationship with God and disbelief makes a relationship impossible.
Vrs.7 Noah had no proof of the coming flood, but because he feared the Lord, he went ahead to build this massive vessel. His act of faith condemned the unbelieving world. And he found righteousness and found eternal life by his faith.
Another example of faith, Abraham left his home and sure inheretance to wander around following God who had an unseen inheritance waiting for him.
Instead of living in a mansion. He lived in tents.
Vrs. 10 they were looking for an eternal city and eternal inheretance.
Isaac and Jacob also lived for this
Through a little faith Sara in her advanced age conceived a baby.
Which was not her loyalty but her evaluation that Word of Jehovah was a sure thing.
17 Isaac being "only begotten" and sacrificed is obviously a type/ a symbol of Christ.
Isaac was "only begotten" not in the sense being the only child born of Abraham, but in the sense of being the only child fathered by Abraham.
Abraham offering Isaac also showed That Abraham believed that should Isaac die he would still find the promises in the eternal realm and that his seed, would soon become heavenly.
Vrs 20 the blessing of Isaac was purely spiritual in nature. By faith.
Vrs 21 Jacob delivered his faith in the promises to his sons as well as he was at the end of his life.
Vrs.22 By faith Jacob recieve revelation and gave instruction concerning the grave.
23. Moses was seen as special by faith and his parents broke the law for his safety
Moses would reject the royal Egyptian heritage in order to live by faith with the afflicted Hebrews.
Vrs. 27 Moses replaced allegiance to a visible pharoah with an invisible Christ


This is proven in recollection of the Passover. Where Moses depended on the blood of the lamb to protect him from the angel of death.

Vrs. 29We see where Moses crossed the red sea by faith while the Egyptians drowned who had no faith in God.



Vrs. 30 faith in the falling of the walls of Jericho



The Faith of Rahab whom did not die like the other gentiles



Vrs. 32 the author simply doesn't have time to expound all the heroes of the old testament. Although stories from judges and Samuel and David ate coming to mind.



33-37 we are shown a wide variety of all their heroic deeds. As well as all the tortures and persecutions they endured, all through faith.



The world was not worthy of their ministry, yet they wandered the world like hobos.



Though they done these things and were faithful, they did not receive the promise.

The promise being the benefits of the Holy Spirit.

Whereas in the New Covenant we recieve the power of the holy spirit as seal for the new covenant.

Vrs. 40 and through which we shall be made perfect. Perfect here could refer to redemption leading to glorification or perfect meaning completeness.



Probably glorification. Since this is the last stage of salvation which the Hebrews have not attained.



Hebrews 12



Cloud of witness.

Heaven?

Moses in Egypt?

Vrs.2

The race is slowed down by the weight of sin.

When you race it is always good to focus on the finish line.

Maybe even past it.

This is why we are took forward Christ



Who "authored" meaning the created the gospel.


Christ performed the reality of the gospel to make it the greatest story ever told.

Also Christ finished or perfected our faith. He made it have value, because he made it the absolute truth.



For the joy= it made Christ happy to know that He would redeem his bride.



So he willingly endured the torture of the cross along with the shame in the sins of mankind.



And the man Jesus(humanity of Christ) is set or built as the horn/cornerstone/right hand of the Father.



Vrs. 3 consider/meditate on how Jesus put up with such contradiction or hatred of sinners. So that you don't think that your suffering is any worse.



Vrs. 4 You have not had to become a perfect blood sacrifice for sin.



Vrs. 5 the author is speaking to the Hebrew Christians. Showing how God relates to them as with a father to his children.

So that God "chastens" or disciplines His children. Which is of course a good thing.


Vrs. 6 discipline is done with love.

And so God scourgeth or spanks every son whom he receives (everyone who is born is God's offspring. However he only adopts the saints. Humanity is lost from his fatherhood without salvation.)



vrs. 7 so if you endure the suffering of God's chastening then it is a sign that you are a child of God.

Because a Father's job is disciplining His children.



Vrs. 8 but if you never experience any discipline from God, it could be a sign that you are a "bastard" or illegitamite Christian or fake.



Vrs. 9 the Hebrews recognized their natural fathers and recognized their role in discipline.

So obviously we should have more respect when our heavenly father disciplines us.



Vrs. 10



"a few days" figurative, a limited amount of time.



The parents chastening is not necessarily with a specific purpose. But the Father chastens us for the purpose of drawing us closer to him.



Discipline never "feels good" at the time. But it is still a good thing.

...



But the seed of chastening bears the fruit of righteousness.

Discipline brings out righteous behavior.



Vrs. Hanging hands are lifted up as well as weak knees.

Showing that chastening brings us a spirit and joy.



Vrs.13 this gives us "straight paths" taking away obstacles.



Helping to heal our hearts.



Vrs. 14

Follow a lifestyle of peace and holiness.

"no man may see the lord"

Metaphorical: "see" meaning to comprehend the Lord.

Vrs 15


"looking diligently"

Making sure we are properly educated on the gospel and grace



While we can't know each others hearts we can see the results of a Christian life style. If a person is not acting Christian it is probably because they are not thinking Christian.



If one is not born-again the first signs of apostasy will be the "root of bitterness"



Examples being fornicators, and profane persons. Another example is Esau who chose gluttony over God,

Vrs. 17 remember that after Esau rejected God he could never recieve the inheritance even after weeping and crying

Vrs. 18 describes the condition of Mt. Sinai at the point when Moses recieved the ten commandments



"for" this contrast is delivered as a result of the previous thoughts towards diligence.

The display is of dark images at the mosaic covenant. A solemn and possibly troubling time.



As they heard the trumpet and the voice open communication was shut off from them.



Thus in the mosaic covenant the relationship is strained.



Vrs. 20



Because the Hebrews were not holy, they would not endure the law of God



Not even an animal could touch the mountain because in their flesh they were defiled and had nothing worth blessing, just curses.



Vrs 21 even Moses could feel the conviction of guilt



Vrs. 22 instead we are come unto Sion. The city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem.

This is no longer the judgement of death on earth. It is the judgement of life in heaven



The angels of heaven and the church

vrs. 23 "general assembly"  All the saints have congregated in Heaven.
"first-born" is referring to rank or status in the chain of inheretance.
The saints being adopted and imputed with christ righteousness now recieve his inheretance.
"written down."  Apprently there is a specific list of saints as ascertained by our Lord's foreknowledge.
"righteous men made perfect."  righteous could mean "justified by faith" or righteous living. hopefully both.   Obviously righteous does not equal perfect since they are being "made" perfect in heaven.
"and to the mediator of the new covenant"  Saving the best for Last Jesus is the reason for all of this heavenly reward.
"blood of abel" was a sign of judgement.
the blood of christ was a sign of redemption!

vrs. 25  Give authority to Him that speaketh.  seems to refer to Christ.  in comparison with Moses.  Once again the author is trying to remind the hebrew Christians that Christ is a greater authority than Moses though he spoke the word of God.  After all Jesus came from Heaven.

vrs. 26
  The parallel continues bringing up the fear and authority.  The shaking and calamity of Mt. Sinai which brought authority to Moses
with  the authority of Christ in the Millenial reign as indicated by the reference from
Haggai 2:6
..not on the local scale of the exodus but on a universal scale in the day of the Lord.

vrs. 27This tribulation removes those shaken things in order to make way for the things which can not be shaken.

vrs. 28 and as a result we can now recieve the kingdom which can not be removed.   Unlike Israel who survives conditionally.  The New kingdom will be the permanent heavenly dwelling plce.
Let us now be gracious that we may please God
vrs. for our God is a consuming fire.(referring to the justice of God.)

chapter 13

Now that the theology is completed, it is now time to focus on our ethic and behavior for to day.
The classic love thy neighbor.  or more specificly "let brotherly love continue"
Brotherly is not to make "love exclusive" but simply special.  Treat those in the famly of Christ special.

vrs 2 "entertain strangers"  this is not simply an eastern hospitality.  In fact it is a biblical ordinance!
"entertaining angels" reminds us of the angels who visited Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19.

vrs 3.  "remember them that are in bonds" bonds=imprisoned.  the picture of being strapped down.
Churches need to keep fellowship with members in prison. praying for them and visiting them. Matthew 25:36
vrs.4 "marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled."  Marriage is the initial instution for mankind.  All human sociology in the christian worldview revolves around this premise.  So the way of the christian lifestyle is with respect to the traditional marriage.
  "whoremongers and adulterors God will judge"  Those who break their marriage vows will be judged by God.  Presumably an earthly curse.
vrs. 5 "let your conversation be without coveteousness"  This is by many thought to be the easiest of the commandments to break.  Yet it is also the measure of faith.  If you are guaranteed eternal life. and an abundant, glorified one at that.  Why would you have anything to covet from a dying world?
the assurance is in that God will never leave nor forsake us.  What a powerful promise!  This is reminiscent of parable of the prodigal son and the father's retort unto his oldest Son.
Vrs. 6 this gives us the power and strength to endure any pressure thrown at us from mankind.
vrs. 7 we should keep in mind those who have tuaght us the scriptures.  These are figures who were leaders and authorities within the congregation.  Follow them in their lifestyle and faith in the scriptures. (this naturally assumes leaders who are in accrod with scripture who have a good reputation with their lifestyle/conversation.)
vrs. 8 jesus is both eternal and immutable after all he is god.
which points us to the ultimate reality in our pursuit of this life, to be like christ
"diverse and steange" these doctrines are the many "isogetic" doctrines or those which are outside of scripture and with the context farther away from the truths of christ.
"it is a good thing for the heart to be established with grace."  We must focus our time and teachings on the central message of the cross. And of course, salvation. 
"not with meats" this is in opposition to ritualism.  as well as sacramentalism.  The idea that your spirituality is based upon your activities instead of the work of God.
vrs. 10 "we have an altar" the christians seemed impoverish just worshipping in homes while the jews had the mighty temple. Yet in reality there temple was heaven itself.  So they had nothing to covet the jews or anyone else upon this earth.'
vrs 11 Just as the body of the beast was burned outside the gates of the camp. Jesus body was crucified outside the gates of heaven.
vrs 12 As well as the gates of jerusalem allowing for those outside of israel to have reconciliation.
vrs. 13 the churches of christ must at this point break ties with secular Israel.
vrs. 14 we are no longer tied to perpetuating a secular city.  Instead we see the future coming israelof eschatology.
[Some may think this means that christians should permanently abandon the nation of Israel altogether.  But we should remember this passage in context.  Jerusalem was under the rule of apostate jews and a corrupt temple system. This was a separation from the people of this administration. It doesn't mean that we should not extend our freindship to jews and our protection to jews in need.  Israel has been now re-established.  It must be treated according to it's own merits.  This author recognizes Israel's right to it's land just as any other.  The prophecies will be fulfilled regardless of human intervention. But we should be careful to not interpret biblical historical accounts of Israel good or bad to affect our estimation of the current state and behavior of these people. Ezekiel 18]
vrs. 15 our means of sacrifice and praise worship today is in our words.  Whereby we praise Jesus christ.  THis is an on going worship of our Lord.
vrs. 16 we have the great blessing of God's pleasure in our worship. as our worship has been sanctified through christ. so that though our hearts are not always perfect. they are still found acceptable in worship of him.
vrs. 17 They that "have rule over you" we can assume are elders. since it is the elders and/or pastors who "watch over our souls"
also it is because they have to give an account for their souls.  This is good advice for both groups in any field of ministry.  Elders have to giove an account to God for how they ministered.  and elders may seem intrusive until you understand that they are doing so for the sake of your soul.  Much like a medical doctor. We need to make it easy on our pastors and deacons when they minister to us.
the author asked for prayers. Which is still aplicable to today's generation.  However his statement on having a pure conscience is referring back to the jews blaspheming his ministry and How he feels justified in His convictions as inspired of God.
vrs. 19 "restored to you" indicating the author has been away from these jews. We can deduce that he is wanting to come back to jerusalem, since the temple is in jerusalem.
vrs.20 "God of Peace"  this is distinguishing Jehovah from other gods.  The one who brought peace by Resurrecting our Lord Christ.
vrs. 21 "perfect in every god work"  perfect her means comeplete.  Something we can accomplish.  This is accomplished only through Jesus however.
vrs. 22 "suffer the Word of exhortation" suffer meaning patient or allow.  Basically listen to this epistle.. the author has done his best to summarize this so we must be careful to pay attention to every verse.
vrs 23 "Timothy is set at liberty"  Timothy has been set free from bondage. presumable if he pays the author's ransom, then he will go to jerusalem.
vrs. 24 paraphrase "Say hello to all the ministers and saints.  we of Italy say hello to you as well!"
vrs. 25.  and ending blessing of grace.  The epistle concludes.

1 comment:

Pastor Matt Singleton said...

This commentary will be editied repeatedly. But I wanted students of God's word to be able to look at it thus far.