Friday, October 12, 2018

Flood of evidence

   In a rough way, this chapter is to accomplish three tasks.   The first task is to show the evidence that a Global flood actually occurred.  The second task is to show evidence of the anitdiluvian (pre-flood) world.  The third task is to show a scientific model from evidence that shows rationally how that occurred.


"There are over 600 Global Flood Legends from every continent."

   Why does every major ancient culture have a myth about the flood? Especially seeing as they, by and large, speak of Noah and the Ark?

Legends and History
   In the previous age of scholarship, we have seen academia take a very dualistic approach to the world.  One which forever separates the sacred from the solid. This Gnostic attitude has done a great deal of damage to studies in history, which assumes that only the non-miraculous is allowed to be recorded and any expression of the supernatural in language is to instantly be regarded as fiction.  However, popular legends contain a kernal of truth.  Count Dracula comes from Vlad the Impaler, Santa Claus descends from St, Nicolas of Myra etc.  The more legends, the more facts that are buried beneath.

"He gave Noah the idea of constructing an ark four stories tall, 300 cubits long, 50 wide, and 30 deep. he embarked on it with his family, as well as the male and female of every creature, some of them being numbered by sevens.  The ark had strong sides and roof, and the catstrophe took place when Noah was 600 years old, 2,262 years after the birth of Adam." Josephus the essential readings jewish antiquities: beginnings pg. 21
    Josephus, a Jewish historian paid by Rome to give the national nonfiction history recognized the flood as a literal event.

"Again I raised my eyes towards heaven, and saw a lofty ceiling with seven cascading streams upon it; and those cascading streams flowed. with much water into one disclosed area.  Again I saw, and behold, fountains were opened upon the ground of that great enclosed area, and the water began to swell and rise upon the ground; And I saw that enclosed area until the whole ground was (comepletely) covered with water.  Water, darkness and mist accumulated heavily upon it; And I looked at the ascent of that water going up and up until it rose above that enclosed area, and was streaming above that enclosed area; And (all those on the ground) were gathered together until I saw them sinking, being swallowed up, and perishing with water.  Yet that boat was floating above the water, though all the cattle, elephants camels, and donkeys were sinking to the bottom; so I could (no longer) see anyone of the animals (for) they had no ability to come out but (only) to perish and sink into the deep water.  Again I kept seeing in the vision until those cascading streams were dissapated from that high ceiling, the fountains of the earth were normalized, and other its were opened.  Then the water began to decend into them until the ground became visible, that boat settled upon the earth, the darkness vanished and became light." 1 Enoch 89
Enoch appears as an epic novel discussing the flood.  His description matches a literal interpretation.  Both the fountains of the great deep and the ice canopy are employed and it matches my flood theory.

Genesis 7:In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights. 13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark; 14 they, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. 15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. 16 And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him in.17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. 18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. 20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. 21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: 22 all in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died."
   Notice the various facts brought up.  Names, dates, measurements etc.  Obviously this is a historical narrative.

"7:19 The Author implies that the highest waters covered the Ararat Mountain range, the height of which is approximately 16,000ft (8:4).  Surely a flood more than 3 milesin depth could not be defined to any portion of the earth.  The Hebrew word 'Kol' sed twice in the verse (translated "all" and "the whole") adds to the impression that the flood was a universal phenomenon,  No one could have escaped the catastrophe except those in the ark" Holy Bible Baptist Study Edition Genesis 7:19        
    Since the scripture mentions Ararat.  We know that the flood is of necessity global.

What about the Black Sea flood?

"Now Ballard is using even more advanced robotic technology to travel farther back in time. He is on a marine archeological mission that might support the story of Noah. He said some 12,000 years ago, much of the world was covered in ice.
"Where I live in Connecticut was ice a mile above my house, all the way back to the North Pole, about 15 million kilometers, that's a big ice cube," he said. "But then it started to melt. We're talking about the floods of our living history.  The water from the melting glaciers began to rush toward the world's oceans, Ballard said, causing floods all around the world.
"The questions is, was there a mother of all floods," Ballard said."

    Notice that the ice age chronology disagrees with the biblical chronology? The traditional Bible chronology is 6,000 yrs with a 10,000yr maximum. The majority of the creation science community argues for a post flood ice age.  So the black sea flood would have been post flood.  The evolutionary chronology would provide a black sea flood in a different set of circumstances that Noah and the ark.  There was not enough water to put the ark in the Ararat mountains and it would not have been in the same time period either. Either way the Black Sea flood is not the Flood of Noah.

What of competitors?

"Manetho, whose writings only survive as a partially preserved “garbled abridgement,”3 did not intend for his history to be a chronological account of Egyptian history. Like everyone else in the ancient world, Manetho measured time in regnal years (“in the fifth year of King So-and-So”). Eusebius, the fourth-century historian who quoted Manetho extensively, did not believe that Manetho intended for his regnal years to be added up consecutively. Eusebius says, “Several Egyptian kings ruled at the same time. . . . It was not a succession of kings occupying the throne one after the other, but several kings reigning at the same time in different regions.”4 Because Manetho’s history lists the reigns of kings who ruled simultaneously, historians should not add the years of the kings’ reigns together as if the kings ruled one after another.
Manetho’s history is also inconsistent with contemporary Egyptian sources. Professor J. H. Breasted, author of History of Egypt, calls Manetho’s history “a late, careless and uncritical compilation, which can be proven wrong from the contemporary monuments in the vast majority of cases, where such documents have survived.”5 Manetho’s interpretation of each variation in spelling as a different king creates numerous nonexistent generations. Because Manetho’s history contradicts actual Egyptian records from the time of the pharaohs, historians should not consider Manetho’s history authoritative."
3. A. Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961), p. 46, quoted in D. Mackey’s thesis. Manetho is quoted by Josephus, Eusebius, Africanus, and Syncellus.
4.J. Ashton and D. Down, Unwrapping the Pharaohs (Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2006), p. 73.
5. D. Mackey, “Sothic Star Dating.”
 Problems with the Sothic cycle
"Meyer had to depend on later non-Egyptian writers to establish a starting point for his calculations, and those sources are contradictory. Censorinius, a third-century Roman writer, and Theon, a fourth-century Alexandrian astronomer, give different starting points. According to Censorinius, the Great Sothic Year occurred in A.D. 140, but according to Theon, it occurred in 26 B.C. Meyer subtracted multiples of 1,460 years from A.D. 140 and proposed 4240 B.C. as a totally certain date for the establishment of Egypt’s civil calendar.8"Mackey, “Fall of the Sothic Theory: Egyptian Chronology Revisited.”
   The Bible shows that the Egyptian history started after the tower of babel.  The Sphinx might have been built by a pre-flood civilization.(it has water damage)   But generally the Egyptians are descendants of Mizraim.  So they would not have a history of the flood   Their list of kings are confused by issues of family claims, and property issues in which many kings reigned simultaneously.

The Sumerian kings list
"The Sumerian King List is an ancient list of Mesopotamian rulers: their names, their seat of power and the length of their reigns. The list as we have it today is actually a critical reconstruction of nearly 20 ancient fragments published in 1939 by the renowned Danish, Sumerologist Thorkild Jacobson.
The list is of special interest to the biblical archaeological community, particularly because of its antediluvian (pre-flood) portion. The list of pre-flood kings is interesting for two reasons. First, because it mentions an antediluvian civilization and a cataclysmic deluge, and second, because the pre-flood kings have really long life-spans (as is evidenced by their really long reigns). After the flood, the life-spans drop dramatically but remain inordinately long for a time. The length of monarchial reigns gradually decreases until they reflect ordinary life-spans.
   So while the bible would definitely disagree with the chronology.  It does have a description of advanced ages before the flood and more normal ages afterward, which is ancient corroboration

The ark is amazingly feasible
"In the ship classification rules, a ship should satisfy two kinds of stability criteria: GM for small heel angle, and dynamic stability. We applied the ABS (American Bureau of Shipping)’s rule to all 13 hull forms. The results showed that all hull forms except hull #1 sufficiently satisfied all the requirements. It should be especially noted that the Ark was 13 times more stable than the standard for safety required by the ABS rule."

        Unlike the many flood stories the ark described in Genesis is not only specific, but actually describes a sea worthy vessel!  While this may be unassuming; the fact is that this is the smoking gun of the argument! How could an ancient man create the correct vessel with the correct architecture to an event that supposedly never happened? Plus, if this was so possible then why did everyone else of that day get it wrong?

Earth has the water

"Is there enough water for a World Wide Flood? Yes there is. In the past few years using seismic tools. They have found that a mineral called ” wadsleyite” holds 2% water by weight. That may not sound like much until you realize how much wadsleyite exists in the upper mantle of the earth. Figures show that 2% would work out to be somewhere around 30 oceans worth added to the water that we already know exists. And this has been tested in more than one place by more than one scientist which makes the results observable and repeatable which is empirical evidence. Which means evolutionists can no longer deny the possibility that a flood of this magnitude could happen."
Calculations by Isaac Bourne

Mars does not have the water but scientist have no problenm believing it was once there!

"Evidence for Global-Scale Northern Mid-Latitude Glaciation in the Amazonian Period of Mars: Debris-covered Glacier and Valley Glacier Deposits in the 30°-50° N Latitude Band"

"One of the most famous features of the fossil record that evolutionists have a hard time explaining is the ‘Cambrian explosion’. Most extant basic animal bodyplans simply appear in the fossil record in the Lower Cambrian rocks with next to no antecedent evidence of their existence in the rocks.1 Therefore, the major bodyplans of animals all had to evolve very quickly, which is stretching the bounds of plausibility. However, paleontologists have recently identified another ‘explosion’ in the fossil record in the Ediacaran ‘period’, which they dubbed the ‘Avalon Explosion’ (‘dated’ 635–542 Ma ago).2
The Ediacaran biota is a group of fossils of multicellular organisms that are found directly below the Cambrian (‘dated’ 542–488 Ma), and they consist of a wide range of morphologies. However, both their origin and relationship to Cambrian animals is a complete mystery to evolutionists. They are typically divided up into three major fossil assemblages:
the Avalon (575–565 Ma), White Sea (560–550 Ma) and Nama (550–542 Ma) assemblages.3 All these assemblages display an incredibly wide array of morphology, and there is no trace of them in the fossil record above the Ediacaran period."    "What’s worse is that the Cambrian and Ediacaran explosions bear no relationship at all to one another. Therefore, this sort of ‘evolutionary explosion’ had to happen twice. Once stretches credulity to breaking point—twice blows it out of the water completely.
The sudden appearance of this diverse assemblage of Ediacaran biota, of course, provides no problem for a creationist understanding of the fossils. They are simply another grouping of organisms that were overwhelmed and fossilized by the Flood."  by

"It took a global flood to tap that capacity, Dr. Smith and Dr. Harper propose. They base their proposal on a study published last year by Shanan Peters of the University of Wisconsin and Robert Gaines of Pomona College. They offered evidence that the Cambrian Explosion was preceded by a rise in sea level that submerged vast swaths of land, eroding the drowned rocks.
“There’s a big kick that correlates with the sea level rise,” Dr. Smith said of the fossil record. He and Dr. Harper propose that this kick happened thanks to the new habitats created by the sea level rise. These shallow coastal habitats were bathed in sunlight and nourished with eroding nutrients like phosphates. Animals colonized these new fertile habitats, Dr. Smith and Dr. Harper argue, and evolved to take up new ecological niches."   Carl Zimmer quoting  Paul Smith and David Harper
 Here we see evolutionary biologist consenting to the pre-Cambrian explosion being the product of a worldwide flood.

Marine fossils

We have the fossils of fish and other sea creatures all over the earth.  This hints that the earth was once covered in water.

Could the mountains really have had been covered in water? picture of Mt. Everest was posted in an explicitly uniformitarian evolutionary publication.

"Crinoid fossils and other marine fossils have been found on top of almost every mountain range on earth. In fact, crinoid fossils have even been found at the summit of Mount Everest, the highest point on earth. This 1967 article from Geological Magazine entitled "The Highest Fossils in the World" explains that some of the first successful expeditions (by the Swiss in 1956 and Americans in 1963; the first confirmed successful attempt to reach the summit was of course that of Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953) to the summit of Everest brought back geological samples which contained fossilized crinoids."
   So even at the highest altitudes we find evidence of sea life. So the great flood is quite plausible.

Polystrate fossils
A polystrate fossil is a tree standing straight up through the rock layers of sediment which are thought by the evolutionists to represent many millions of years of layers.  Some polystrate tree fossils could not have grown in the location where the surrounding shale was deposited, since trees don’t live long under the sea.

Polystrate Tree Fossil cutting through supposed millions of years of oceanic shale

For this burial is supposed as having been completed very slowly, over millions of years.  During this time billions of tiny shale-sized particles are deposited slowly layer by layer.  Then heat and pressure covered these fossil trees.
Using uniformitarian principles, the time required for shale sediments to accumulate summed to many thousands of years.  The evidence indicates that the shale was deposited quickly over the trees still standing upright during a catastrophe.  Many of these trees were buried at the same time when all the rock layers were yet still liquid.  Polystrate fossils are found all around the world and are yet additional evidence for a global flood." would trees be standing upside down for millions of years? Obviouslythey were not.  Not only does this give evidence of a rapid burial in the global flood, but it also tears down a key argument which made the uniformitarian interpretation possible.

What was the pre-flood world like?

Subterraenean waters

"The hydrogen-isotope [deuterium/hydrogen (D/H)] ratio of Earth can be used to constrain the origin of its water. However, the most accessible reservoir, Earth’s oceans, may no longer represent the original (primordial) D/H ratio, owing to changes caused by water cycling between the surface and the interior. Thus, a reservoir completely isolated from surface processes is required to define Earth’s original D/H signature. Here we present data for Baffin Island and Icelandic lavas, which suggest that the deep mantle has a low D/H ratio (δD more negative than -218 per mil). Such strongly negative values indicate the existence of a component within Earth’s interior that inherited its D/H ratio directly from the protosolar nebula. (emphasis added)"
Hallis, L.J., et al., Evidence for primordial water in Earth’s deep mantle, Science 350(6262): 795-797, November 13, 2015.
   The entire old earth paradigm presupposes that the earth evoled from a star like lava.  The heat generated from this body had no chance to hold water.  If the earth contains waters so deep then the planet did not evolve from the sun. Thus we do not need billions of years for the occurrence. and thus we do not have anything close to an appropriate evolutionary timeline.

Kola superdeep bore hole discovers water.
In addition, the rock at that depth had been thoroughly fractured and was saturated with water, which was surprising. This water, unlike surface water, must have come from deep-crust minerals and had been unable to reach the surface because of a layer of impermeable rock.[9]
      Here we literally find water dripping over ten miles deep in the earths crust!

"This new study, authored by a range of geophysicists and scientists from across the US, leverages data from the USArray — an array of hundreds of seismographs located throughout the US that are constantly listening to movements in the Earth’s mantle and core. After listening for a few years, and carrying out lots of complex calculations, the researchers believe that they’ve found a huge reserve of water that’s located in the transition zone between the upper and lower mantle — a region that occupies between 400 and 660 kilometers (250-410 miles) below our feet."  Now we have concentrated oceans about 500Klms below the earth in N. America!

"Scientists scanning the deep interior of Earth have found evidence of a vast water reservoir beneath eastern Asia that is at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean.
The discovery marks the first time such a large body of water has found in the planet's deep mantle. [The World's Biggest Oceans and Seas]
The finding, made by Michael Wysession, a seismologist at Washington University in St. Louis, and his former graduate student Jesse Lawrence, now at the University of California, San Diego, will be detailed in a forthcoming monograph to be published by the American Geophysical Union. 
Looking down deep
The pair analyzed more than 600,000 seismograms — records of waves generated by earthquakes traveling through the Earth—collected from instruments scattered around the planet. [Image Gallery: This Millennium's Destructive Earthquakes]
They noticed a region beneath Asia where seismic waves appeared to dampen, or "attenuate," and also slow down slightly. "Water slows the speed of waves a little," Wysession explained. "Lots of damping and a little slowing match the predictions for water very well."
Previous predictions calculated that if a cold slab of the ocean floor were to sink thousands of miles into the Earth's mantle, the hot temperatures would cause water stored inside the rock to evaporate out.
"That is exactly what we show here," Wysession said. "Water inside the rock goes down with the sinking slab and it's quite cold, but it heats up the deeper it goes, and the rock eventually becomes unstable and loses its water."
The water then rises up into the overlying region, which becomes saturated with water [image]. "It would still look like solid rock to you,” Wysession told LiveScience. "You would have to put it in the lab to find the water in it."
Although they appear solid, the composition of some ocean floor rocks is up to 15 percent water. "The water molecules are actually stuck in the mineral structure of the rock," Wysession explained. "As you heat this up, it eventually dehydrates. It's like taking clay and firing it to get all the water out."
  It is obvious that in opposition to uniformitarian theory nature has supplied us with enough water for a global flood.

H2O Canopy
"After this, on the second day, He placed the heaven over the whole world, and separated it from the other parts; and determined that it should stand by itself. He also placed a crystalline firmament around it." (Josephus book 1, chapter 1. Written by Paul L. Maier)
 Josephus interprets Genesis as having a crystal firmament separating the heavens

"For the Spirit being one, and holding the place of light,(2) was between the water and the heaven, in order that the darkness might not in any way communicate with the heaven, which was nearer God, before God said, 'Let there be light.' The heaven, therefore, being like a dome-shaped covering, comprehended matter which was like a clod." Theophilus to Autolycus(or antioch) Book 2, Chapter 13 (theophilus was a 2nd century christian)
   The early church Christian also holds to a literal water canopy.

"6-8:A firmament or solid dome (job 37:18), separated the upper from the lower waters (exodus 20:4, Psalm 148:4)"
Commentary from Genesis 1:6-8 Oxford Annotated Bible with the apocrypha(RSV)  Even textual scholars agree to this "dome".

Job 37:18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, which is strong,
and as a molten looking glass?"
  In Job commentary is made on the sky being metallic and glass like.

We still have some astral water clouds in the southern hemisphere
"February 18, 2003: They hover on the edge of space. Thin, wispy clouds, glowing electric blue. Some scientists think they're seeded by space dust. Others suspect they're a telltale sign of global warming.
They're called noctilucent or "night-shining" clouds (NLCs for short). And whatever causes them, they're lovely.
"Over the past few weeks we've been enjoying outstanding views of these clouds above the southern hemisphere," said space station astronaut Don Pettit during a NASA TV broadcast last month. "We routinely see them when we're flying over Australia and the tip of South America." "

    So not only can we have space clouds, but we still have some today!
Not to conclude that these are the same clouds, but our less aprpriate climate in this age points to the reality of space clouds.

Magnetic field of that time.

"A Creationist Theory for Reversals and Fluctuations
  The validity of the data required a new theory to explain them. In 1986 I suggested that strong flows of the fluid in the earth's core could produce rapid reversals of the field during and after the Genesis flood.[9] The resulting disturbances in the core would cause the field intensity at the earth's surface to fluctuate up and down for thousands of years afterwards.
Dr. Russel Humphreys "The Earths magnetic field is young"
b. the magnetic field would bring a protective environment)  The earth's electromagnetic field is decreasing. So if we go backwards in time the field would be increasing.   The stronger field would have an easier time holding the canopy.

Frozen Hydrogen has metallic qualities
"This is the hydrogen scientists know best--the forms they have measured, modeled, and analyzed for decades. But there are other manifestations of hydrogen that, until recently, have eluded investigation. Place this simple element in extremes of temperature and pressure, and it will display a range of personalities that are surprising and profound.

   One of these other personalities, which is being investigated by NCSA physicist and Alliance Executive Committee member David Ceperley, is metallic hydrogen. Squeeze hydrogen at pressures 2 to 10 million times greater than normally found on Earth and this colorless, odorless, tasteless gas transforms into a metal. Conditions like this exist inside Jovian planets like Jupiter, where cold clouds of hydrogen gas turn to liquid metallic hydrogen under the pressure exerted by this gaseous giant. Extremes of temperature and pressure can exist on Earth--when hydrogen is ignited within some rocket engines, or during thermonuculear fusion.
  Researchers have known about the metallic state of hydrogen for more than 60 years--ever since quantum mechanics predicted the rules governing electrons. But they lacked the ability to make quantitative predictions of this state--the kind of knowledge that sheds light on the distribution of mass in Jovian-like objects and may lead to more efficient ways to achieve thermonuclear fusion. It is knowledge that determines hydrogen's equation of state, which Ceperley believes he is now "tantalizingly close" to providing."
The National Center for Super Computing Applications (NCSA)
   Frozen hydrogen would not only be in the waters.  But the sky would be thrust hydrogen upwards into the canopy providing the electromagnetic matter suitable for holding the waters.

Greater bouyancy for the canopy
"....there was no polar ice caps, and all the polar ice caps were a result of the Gen. 7 global flood.  Therefore, we can take the entire weight of the polar ice caps, 32 quadrillion tons and add to the atmosphere's weight, or 3.75x10\(16)  tons The additional weight added to the atmosphere by the polar caps increases the buoyancy force by a factor of 6X...."
"....This equals a buoyancy force great enough to reduce the net effect of gravity by almost 10%."
Dr. Troy Lawrence Origins: The Origin of Matter, Space, Time, and Life pg. 29
   So with less weight upon the earth, as well as more weight in the air gravity would be drastically reduced. Because the amount of mass correlates to the amount of gravity the earth had a weaker pull.  meanwhile the greater mass of the air would make objects within it aear lighter.  we see this easier in different buoyances of water ( like when people float in the dead sea.)

Centripedal force maintaining the canopy)
"This velocity is very small in proportion to the earth's circumference. One analogy should be children spinning on a merry-go-round.  The closer tot he center one sits, the slower the merry go roundspins and the further to the edge , the faster it spins.  Why do we have different speeds?  The time interval to complete one revolutionis the same for the inside  and outside of the merry go round."
"The velocity of the earth's rotational spin at 1,037mph, creates a real frorce that tends to counter gravity called centripetal force.."
Dr. Troy Lawrence Origins: The Origin of Matter, Space, Time, and Life pg. 27
    The global spin would accomplish both centripetal and centrifugal forces.  Thus maintain the canopy to hover.  These principles can be seen when we drive our cars.  The momentum of the wheel maintains pressure inside the tire.  Often if someone has a leak in their tire, driving down the highway. The tire will not flat until the speed is reduced.
  So the spin of the globe will propel the waters and keep the sun light melting just enough to stay flexible.  The negative 300 celsius cold keeps the hydrogen underneath the canopy magnetized and strong. for more info on the gravitational sources goto

Life forms fit for the canopy

"Reign of the giant insects ended with the evolution of birds
June 04, 2012
By Tim Stephens
 "Giant insects ruled the prehistoric skies during periods when Earth's atmosphere was rich in oxygen. Then came the birds. After the evolution of birds about 150 million years ago, insects got smaller despite rising oxygen levels, according to a new study by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz. ..."
"This fossil insect wing (Stephanotypus schneideri) from the period about 300 million years ago when insects reached their greatest sizes, measures 19.5 centimeters (almost eight inches) long. The largest species of that time were even bigger, with wings 30 centimeters long. For comparison, the inset shows the wing of the largest dragonfly of the past 65 million years. ...""
    The giant insects need more oxygen than is supplied in today's atmosphere. Thus pointing to the higher oxygen in the pre-flood earth due to the hug of the canopy.

"The size of the snake immediately raised questions about how it got to be that big, and what it needed to survive. The Cerrejón team concluded in 2009 that Titanoboa had to have lived in a climate with a mean ambient temperature between 86 and 93 degrees Fahrenheit, substantially higher than the hottest average for today’s tropical forests, which is 82 degrees."

"Titanoboa was a coldblooded animal whose body temperature depended on that of its habitat. Reptiles can grow bigger in warmer climates, where they can absorb enough energy to maintain a necessary metabolic rate. That’s why insects, reptiles and amphibians tend to be larger in the tropics than in the temperate zone. In this view, extraordinary heat is what made the snake a titan. The same principle would explain why ancient turtles and lungfish of Cerrejón were, like Titanoboa, much larger than their modern relatives.
The relationship between coldblooded body mass and ambient temperature was the subject of a 2005 study by researchers at the Nuclear Physics Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. By examining species sizes at a variety of different ambient temperatures, Anastassia Makarieva and colleagues calculated how fossils could be used to estimate temperatures in the distant past."
Read more: Read more: Meganeura "Meganeura is a genus of extinct insects from the Carboniferous period approximately 300 million years ago, which resembled and are related to the present-day dragonflies. With wingspans of up to 65 cm (2.1 ft), M. monyi is one of the largest known flying insect species; the Permian Meganeuropsis permiana is another. Meganeura were predatory, and fed on other insects, and even small amphibians. Fossils were discovered in the French Stephanian Coal Measures of Commentry in 1880. In 1885, French paleontologist Charles Brongniart described and named the fossil "Meganeura" (large-nerved), which refers to the network of veins on the insect's wings. Another fine fossil specimen was found in 1979 at Bolsover in Derbyshire. The holotype is housed in the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris

Size Controversy has prevailed as to how insects of the Carboniferous period were able to grow so large. The way oxygen is diffused through the insect's body via its tracheal breathing system puts an upper limit on body size, which prehistoric insects seem to have well exceeded. It was originally proposed (Harlé & Harlé, 1911) that Meganeura was only able to fly because the atmosphere at that time contained more oxygen than the present 20%. This theory was dismissed by fellow scientists, but has found approval more recently through further study into the relationship between gigantism and oxygen availability.[1] If this theory is correct, these insects would have been susceptible to falling oxygen levels and certainly could not survive in our modern atmosphere. Other research indicates that insects really do breathe, with "rapid cycles of tracheal compression and expansion".[2] Recent analysis of the flight energetics of modern insects and birds suggests that both the oxygen levels and air density provide a bound on size.[3]
A general problem with all oxygen-related explanations of the giant dragonflies is the circumstance that very large Meganeuridae with a wing span of 45 cm (1.5 ft) also occurred in the Upper Permian of Lodève in France, when the oxygen content of the atmosphere was already much lower than in the Carboniferous and Lower Permian.[4]
Bechly (2004) suggested that the lack of aerial vertebrate predators allowed pterygote insects to evolve to maximum sizes during the Carboniferous and Permian periods, maybe accelerated by an evolutionary "arms race" for increase in body size between plant-feeding Palaeodictyoptera and Meganisoptera as their predators.[5]" So uniformitarian assumptions about the geologic column being a measurement of time is the only thing with-holding these facts that the earth had a pre-canopy atmosphere.

Pterodactyls too big to fly?
"But now it seems pterodactyls, the terror of the prehistoric skies, may have struggled to get off the ground.  The new research claims that the ancient reptiles, which could grow to the size of small aeroplanes, were too heavy to fly - even with their massive wings.The problem, according to a leading scientist, is that they could not flap fast enough to create the thrust to keep their enormous bulk airborne.The 'dinosaur' popularly known as a pterodactyl is actually called" only rational conclusion would be that there was less gravity allowed these creatures to fly.  Which is only answered by a canopy.

What caused the Flood?

A: The fall of Lucifer(a scenario)

"I posit from studies of historical astronomical observations of astrologers that there was a great catastrophe where the modern north star hangs.  The "fall of Lucifer"  which severed the constellation Ursa minor from Draco.  That this explosion would cause a universal tilt.   Another bi-product of the explosion is a gamma ray burster which strike the top of the earth.
  The gamma rays would then bury into the earth and ignite subterranean waters.  This would then, follow along with the the flood model of Walt brown's "Hydroplate theory"  As well as the similar  "Hovind theory" model by Kent Hovind.   Especially the subterranean water shooting out 20miles from the earth a canopy of ice covering the earth being devastated.The water and dirt launched in space would be formed into asteroids and comets."  Here was my hypothesis in 2014.

Gospel in the Zodiac?

War in Heaven
job 26:13 By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens;
his hand hath formed the crooked serpent."
This is a reference to the constellation draco.

"In 3000 BC, the faint star Thuban in the constellation Draco was the North Star. At magnitude 3.67 (fourth magnitude) it is only one-fifth as bright as Polaris, and today it is invisible in light-polluted urban skies."  wiki pole star
So we know the pole star has shifted.  What shifted it?

"When these constellations were formed the dragon possessed this important point, and the star 'a', in Draco, marked this central point. But by it's gradual recession, that point is recubba, in the lesser sheep fold for it to be what is called 'The Polar Star.'"
The Witness of the Stars page 153

       Many have argued that the Zodiac constellations were originally arranged in an order to give a hieroglyphic gospel presentation.  The fact that the pole star was once in the constellation Draco may be a sign which illustrates the fall of Lucifer.  Also rememebr that the little dipper which we usually identify as the greek ursa minor, was recognized as recubba, the Little sheep.  What is a little sheep, but a lamb! The Lamb of God in throned in heaven.
Revelation 5:And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb,"
Genesis 3:15 and I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel."
   In the illustration you may notice the constellation hercules trampled on the head by the constellation Draco .  Hercules in Greek mythology was the son of god.
Ezekiel28:14a Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth;"
  If Draco is symbolic of Lucifer, and Lucifer covered the throne of God, then we must remember that Draco would exhibit those traits.   Traditional Hebrew understanding has God seated above the earth.
 Isaiah 66:1a Thus saith the Lord,
The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool:"  
Job 26:9 He holdeth back the face of his throne,
and spreadeth his cloud upon it.
:  So it is no surprise that the covering cherub was symbolically located due north.
Isaiah 14:How art thou fallen from heaven,O Lucifer, son of the morning!"
  Thus, the shift of the poloe star is a sign of the spiritual fall of lucifer.

"Here’s the gist of it. Since about 1998, physics has believed that there is some sort of “dark energy” causing the universe to accelerate its expansion. This “dark energy” is supposed to
make up about three-quarters of the universe, with its equally mysterious cousin, “dark matter,” making up another 20%, leaving plain-old matter (like you and me and cheeseburgers) making up about 4%. However, physicists have yet to really agree on the nature of this mysterious “dark matter.” Its inclusion solves some of their baffling observations about the universe, but it remains an uncomfortable mystery.
Enter two mathematicians, Blake Temple and Joel Smoller. Their results, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, suggest a solution to the accelerating universe that doesn’t require conjuring up anything like “dark matter” — in fact, it doesn’t require conjuring up anything new at all. Their solution works with the current laws of physics we already have.
Their solution? That the acceleration seen is due to an expanding shockwave that occurred after the Big Bang–a shockwave that would have originated very near the Earth.
Did you catch that? A shockwave, plowing through the universe and spreading out the galaxies that originated near the Earth."
      Now I am not a believer in the big bang theory and the corresponding dark energy theories.  But that is too large a topic for this book.  However, mathematically speaking these mathematicians have come to understand that there was a "shockwave"  in other words and intergalactic catastrophe that happened near the earth. I believe this corresponds with my theory "the fall of Lucifer".

The article makes statements confirming this.
""Reticulum II has more stars bright enough for chemical studies than any other ultra-faint dwarf galaxy found so far," Simon explained.
Such ultra-faint galaxies are relics from the era when the universe's first stars were born. They orbit our own Milky Way galaxy and their chemical simplicity can help astronomers understand the history of stellar processes dating back to the ancient universe, including element formation."
Now in reticulum II we see a small galaxy and they are measuring the neutrons and elements. They assume this was because of fusion forming stars in the big bang
But NYC(my cosmology theory) agrees with electric universe(EU) theory that fusion is not the process by which stars operate but electromagnetic energy permeating through the ether. So the neutrons from stars are actually burning on the edge of the stars electric shell.
Never the less the electric burnout points to a catastrophe.
".Surprisingly, the team found that seven of Reticulum II's nine brightest stars contained far more elements produced by rapid neutron captures than have been detected in any other dwarf galaxy.
"These stars have up to a thousand times more neutron capture elements than any other stars observed in similar galaxies," said lead author Alexander Ji of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology."
Get ready for it....
"However, finding so many more heavy elements in one dwarf galaxy than had ever been seen before in others proves that the source of Reticulum II's neutron capture elements must have been a rare eventmuch less common than an ordinary supernova. What's more, the sheer amount of these neutron capture elements in Reticulum II far exceeds what most supernovae can even make."
Thats right an inter galactic catastrophe!
"Old stars in the Milky Way show a pattern of neutron capture elements similar to that found in Reticulum II. This indicates that the process of making neutron capture elements in larger galaxies is likely the same as it is in dwarf galaxies, suggesting that even the heavy elements on Earth originated in neutron star mergers."

   So here we see chemical evidence of the same intergalactic catastrophe.
Job 9:He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength:
who hath hardened himself against him, and hath prospered?
Which removeth the mountains, and they know not:
which overturneth them in his anger.
Which shaketh the earth out of her place,
and the pillars thereof tremble.
Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not;
and sealeth up the stars.
Which alone spreadeth out the heavens,
and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
Which maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades,
and the chambers of the south.
10 Which doeth great things past finding out;
yea, and wonders without number."
   The times of Job were not long after the flood of Noah.  These descriptions would be applicable to an intergalactic catastrophe.

"A white dwarf is a star composed of electron-degenerate matter, thought to be the final stage in the evolution of stars not massive enough to collapse into a neutron star or undergo a Type II supernova—stars less massive than roughly 9 solar masses."

"Theoretical studies indicate that most supernovae are triggered by one of two basic mechanisms: the sudden re-ignition of
nuclear fusion in a degenerate star or the sudden gravitational collapse of a massive star's core. In the first instance, a degenerate white dwarf may accumulate sufficient material from a binary companion, either through accretion or via a merger, to raise its core temperature enough to trigger runaway nuclear fusion, completely disrupting the star."

"Polaris B can be seen even with a modest telescope. William Herschel discovered the star in 1780 while using a hand-built reflecting telescope, one of the most powerful telescopes at the time. In 1929, it was discovered, by examining the spectrum of Polaris A, that it was a very close binary with the secondary being a dwarf (variously α UMi P, α UMi an or α UMi Ab), which had been theorized in earlier observations (Moore, J.H and Kholodovsky, E. A.). In January 2006, NASA released images, from the Hubble telescope, that showed the three members of the Polaris ternary system. The nearest dwarf star is in an orbit of only 18.5 AU (2.8 billion km from Polaris A,[12] about the distance between our Sun and Uranus), which explains why its light is swamped by its close and much brighter companion.[13]"

The north star actually contains a dwarf star which in turn is quite capable of producing a gamma ray burster.
Gamma ray bursters (GRBs) appear as bursts of gamma rays coming from points randomly scattered in the sky.  These bursts are very brief, lasting between a few milliseconds to a few hundred seconds.  For a long time there were hundreds of theories about what caused them, but very little evidence for any of these theories, since nothing was ever seen at the location where one of these bursts occurred.  Their random distribution eventually made a convincing case that they occurred not within our solar system or within our galaxy, but much farther away.  Given this, it was clear that they must be extraordinarily powerful. Starting in the late 1990s, astronomers made a concerted effort to catch gamma ray bursters in the act, focusing powerful telescopes to observe them in the visible and ultraviolet spectrum moments after a burst was detected.  These efforts paid off in 1999 when one was seen to emit visible light for as long as a day after the burst occurred.  A redshift measurement of z = 1.6 indicated that the gamma ray burster was about 10,000 million light years away.  If the burst of gamma rays was omnidirectional, this would mean that its power was about 1016 times that of our sun—for a very short time.  For details on this discovery, see:
Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE), GOTCHA!  The Big One That Didn't Get Away, Gamma Ray Burst Headlines, January 27, 1999.
   Gamma Ray Bursters are supremely powerful blast emitting almost the equivalent power of a star!

2349BC "In the 600th year of the life of Noah, on the seventeenth day f the second month (December 7), he together with his children and living creatures of all kinds, had entered into the Ark. God sent a rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights." James Usher Annals of the World
"George F. Dodwell served as the government astronomer for South Austrailia from 1909 to 1952. In the mid-1930's, he became interested in past changes in the tilt of the earth's axis. He collected almost 100 astronomical measurements made over a 4,000-year period. Those measurements show that the tilt of the earth's axis smoothly decayed from 25* 10' to it's present 23*27'. Based on the shape of the decay curve, Dodwell estimated that this axis shift began began in about the year2345B.C. "Barry Setterfield, "An investigation That Led to Unexpected Results by the Late Mr. G. F. Dodwell, B. A., F.R.A.S South Australian Government Astronomer,1909-1952," Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of South Australia, September 1967.
 It is too much of a coincidence for the seasonal tilt and the flood of Noah to be estimated within 4 yrs of each other! The two events must have a relationship some way.Could a gamma ray burster have been the cause of these two anomalies?

Arctic iron

Baffinland arctic mining : Baffin Island
Britain's richest man is planning a giant new opencast mine 300 miles inside the Arctic Circle in a bid to extract a potential $23bn (£14bn) worth of iron ore.
The "mega-mine" – which includes a 150km railway line and two new ports – is believed to be the largest mineral extraction project in the Arctic and highlights the huge commercial potential of the far north as global warming makes industrial development in the region easier.
The billionaire steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal, who is behind the project, wants to exploit a commodity whose value has doubled due to soaring demand from China and India."
     If the arctic is filled so deeply with iron it would serve as an excellent conductor for the gamma ray burster.

"In the Poetic Edda, Prose Edda, and Heimskringla, Hel is referred to as a daughter of Loki, and to "go to Hel" is to die. In the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Hel is described as having been appointed by the god Odin as ruler of a realm of the same name, located in Niflheim. In the same source, her appearance is described as half blue and half flesh-coloured and further as having a gloomy, downcast appearance. The Prose Edda details that Hel rules over vast mansions with many servants in her underworld realm and plays a key role in the attempted resurrection of the god Baldr."
" High says that Odin sent the gods to gather the children and bring them to him. Upon their arrival, Odin threw Jörmungandr into "that deep sea that lies round all lands," Odin threw Hel into Niflheim, and bestowed upon her authority over nine worlds, in that she must "administer board and lodging to those sent to her, and that is those who die of sickness or old age."
" n Norse mythology, Jörmungandr (Old Norse: Jǫrmungandr, pronounced [ˈjɔrmuŋɡandr̥], meaning "huge monster"[1]), often written as Jormungand, or Jörmungand and also known as the Midgard Serpent (Old Norse: Miðgarðsormr), or World Serpent, is a sea serpent, the middle child of the giantess Angrboða and Loki. According to the Prose Edda, Odin took Loki's three children by Angrboða, the wolf Fenrir, Hel, and Jörmungandr, and tossed Jörmungandr into the great ocean that encircles Midgard.[2] The serpent grew so large that he was able to surround the earth and grasp his own tail.[2] As a result, he received the name of the Midgard Serpent or World Serpent. When he lets go, the world will end. Jörmungandr's arch-enemy is the god Thor. It is an example of an ouroboros."

   This viking legend combines arche type of a serpentine devil with the place and imagery of a Gamma Ray Burster hitting the north pole!  the imagery of serpent and lighting have been seen in the past,
luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven." 

     The burster drills into the magnetic north pole through the iron into the abyss which is the subterranean waters.  In the Old Testament sheol is represented by deep underground oceans and the word in the Greek New Testament is Hades which is also an underground sea in the Greek worldview.
    So when the burster heat these underground oceans it was a massive amount of energy within seconds!
     The typical theory today is that uranium was produced by the molten earth because of it's status  as a very heavy element and being radio active.  Thus the radio activity in the element is in a slow decay and it would take theoretically billions of years to decay and the decay would settle down till it becomes lead.
   The sub terranean waters debunk the molten earth. Also, back in the 1970's the work of physicist Robert Gentry found an anomally which debunks the idea of the molten earth.   He found samples all over the world of Polonium halos found in deposits of granite.  Granite is conisdered a primordial element. Which means that it is ancient; and according to planetary evolution, it was the molten earth which took billions of years to cool off.  The polnium halos typically take 1-2minutes to form. These polonium halos were found in granite without an alpha trail or trace of radiation.   If the polonium formed in the primordial granite lava,  they would disappear in 2 minutes within the two billion years of cooling. This would be scientific impossible!  Yet Gentry discovered it and posted the findings in half a dozen scientific journals!
   So the gamma rays would flash through the bottum of the earth and just as your micro wave runs through your food, decay becomes rapid! But heat also expands and expansion is extremely dangerous miles below the surface.  The miles of pressure from the rocks have pressured to the waters to be radioactive.
  Dr. Walt brown has stated that the waters coming forth from the earth would be the equivalent of 30 nuclear bombs going off simultaneously!

The course of destruction
a. Iceland
     Iceland is a volcanic Island that was created directly over the mid Atlantic Ridge.  When the radioactive subterranean waters exploded it is rational to assert this was where the fault began and why the Island was created.

b.  Mid-atlantic ridge/fountains of the great deep
   The mid-atlantic ridge formed separating the Americas from Europe and Africa and then dividing europe from africa and through arabia. forming the atlantic ocean and Mediterranean sea.
  The spreading of the ridge kicked up the smoky mountains and the buldge in the west created the Rocky Mountains. the outline of the atlantic ocean shows the alignment of South america amd Africa.  The blast in the mediterranean kick up sand forming the Sahara Desert.

c. Spread through the canopy
As described in the book of Enoch,  the fountains shot out 20 miles upward breaking through the ice canopy.  The waters within the canopy spread across the sky and rained down 40 days and nights.

d.  chalk beds
The impact from the fountains is said to be equivalent of 30 nuclear bombs.  The impact instantly kill micro organism which were rammed and compacted forming the chalk beds especially in Britain and nova scotia canada.
This coincided with the break up of the supercontinent Pangea, which broke apart to form the continents of today. As continents move apart, an ocean forms between them, and new ocean-floor is added along the line of spreading (known as the mid-ocean ridge) by magma which rises from below. As the continents moved apart in the Cretaceous, a very high volume of magma rose up to form the new ocean-floor in what is known as a superplume event. The mid-ocean ridges became swollen, and large volumes of magma spilled out elsewhere onto the ocean floor, displacing water onto the continents (causing sea-level to rise). The volcanic activity also produced greenhouse gases which raised temperatures, prevented ice from forming at the poles and hence kept sea levels high. Chalks formed in the sea-ways of the flooded Cretaceous continents."
e. Sahara Desert
In the mediterranean,  massive amounts of sandstone were obliterated into sand and kicked up over Africa thus forming the Sahara desert.

d. Liquifaction and the chaotic column
  While we have a geologic column in the earth, we do not have anything close to a consistent column.  these layers are scattered chaotically everywhere.
Why is this so?
"Liquefaction—associated with quicksand, earthquakes, and wave action—played a major role in rapidly sorting sediments, plants, and animals during the flood. Indeed, the worldwide presence of sorted fossils and sedimentary layers shows that a gigantic global flood occurred.  Massive liquefaction also left other diagnostic features, such as cross-bedded sandstone, plumes, mounds, and fossilized footprints.

Sedimentary rocks are distinguished by sharply-defined layers, called strata. Fossils almost always lie within such layers. Fossils and strata, seen globally, have many unusual characteristics. A little-known and poorly-understood phenomenon called liquefaction (lik-wuh-FAK-shun) explains these characteristics. It also explains why we do not see fossils and strata forming on a large scale today.

We will first consider several common situations that cause liquefaction on a small scale. After understanding why liquefaction occurs, we will see that a global flood would produce liquefaction—and these vast, sharply defined layers—worldwide. Finally, a review of other unusual features in the earth’s crust will confirm that global liquefaction did occur. 
Quicksand.  Quicksand is a simple example of liquefaction. Spring-fed water flowing up through sand creates quicksand. The upward flowing water lifts the sand grains very slightly, surrounding each grain with a thin film of water. This cushioning gives quicksand, and other liquefied sediments, a mushy, fluidlike texture.3

Contrary to popular belief and Hollywood films, a person or animal stepping into deep quicksand will not sink out of sight forever. They will quickly sink in—but only so far. Then, they will be lifted, or buoyed up, by a force equal to the weight of the sand and water displaced. The more they sink in, the greater the lifting force. Buoyancy forces also lift a person floating in a swimming pool. However, quicksand’s buoyancy is almost twice that of water, because the weight of the displaced sand and water is almost twice that of water alone. As we will see, fluidlike sediments produced a buoyancy that largely explains why fossils show a degree of vertical sorting and why the world’s sedimentary rocks are usually layered sharply.

Earthquakes.  Liquefaction is frequently seen during, and even minutes after, earthquakes. During the Alaskan Good Friday earthquake of 1964, liquefaction caused most of the destruction within Anchorage, Alaska. Much of the damage during the San Francisco earthquake of 1989 resulted from liquefaction. Although geologists can describe the consequences of liquefaction, few seem to understand why it happens.  Levin describes it as follows:

Often during earthquakes, fine-grained water-saturated sediments may lose their former strength and form into a thick mobile mudlike material. The process is called liquefaction. The liquefied sediment not only moves about beneath the surface but may also rise through fissures and “erupt” as mud boils and mud “volcanoes.” 4

Liquefaction was captured on film after the 9.0 Japanese earthquake on 11 March 2011. In a city park built over a landfill in what was part of Tokyo Bay, subsurface water that had been trapped in the sediment’s pore spaces is seen erupting through cracks produced by the swelling of the land.[See, and]

Strahler says that in a severe earthquake:

... the ground shaking reduces the strength of earth material on which heavy structures rest. Parts of many major cities, particularly port cities, have been built on naturally occurring bodies of soft, unconsolidated clay-rich sediment (such as the delta deposits of a river) or on filled areas in which large amounts of loose earth materials have been dumped to build up the land level. These water-saturated deposits often experience a change in property known as liquefaction when shaken by an earthquake. The material loses strength to the degree that it becomes a highly fluid mud, incapable of supporting buildings, which show severe tilting or collapse.5

These are accurate descriptions of liquefaction, but they do not explain why it occurs. When we understand the mechanics of liquefaction, we will see that liquefaction occurred globally—for weeks or months during the flood.
Visualize a box filled with many rocks. If the box were so full that you could not quite close its lid, you would shake the box, so the rocks settled into a denser packing arrangement. Now repeat this thought experiment, only this time all space between the rocks is filled with water. As you shake the box and the rocks settle into a denser packing arrangement, water will be forced up to the top by the “falling” rocks. If the box is tall, many rocks will settle, so the force of the rising water will increase. The tall column of rocks will also provide great resistance to the upward flow, increasing the water’s pressure even more. Water pressure will exert a lifting force on the rocks for as long as the upward flow continues."Dr. Walt Brown
an excerpt from "In the beginning: Compelling Evidence for creation and the Flood"
  Liquifaction is a process which can ost properly explain the geologic column.  Because not all of the column is explained by the top layers of the flood.   But the sonic vibrations from the fountains of the great deep.

e.sunken pacific plates
"Much of the present sea-bottum was once dry land. " pg. 121
  One proof of this is large numbers of "seamounts".  "which are nothing but drowned islands out in the middle of the ocean.  These are flat-topped, and therefore non-volcanic in formation, and are nowin many cases more than 1,000 fathoms below the surface." pg. 125  "These are fossil landforms preserved in the depths of the sea, where they are disturbed on by light currents and the slow rain of pelagic material from the waters above." Edwin L. Hamilton "The last Geographic Frontier: the Sea Floor,"  Scientific monthly, vol 85, December 1957, p. 303
"Can we seeker's after truth, shut our eyes any longer to the obvious fact that large areas of Sea Floor have sunk vertical distances measured in miles?" Kenneth K. Landes, "illogical Geology." Geotimes, Vol. III, No.6 (March 1959), p.19.

  Now with the continental plates being partially submerged and yet the continental plates being so distinct from the sea floor we would have to believe that the earth according to natural law was different.  Either the plates were at one time completely over the sea level once.  Or the plates were completely submerged under the water.  Now if the earth was once completely submerged under the water that would contradict the  uniformitarian geological assumption of vulcanism. which is the foundation for the geological column.  Now if the earth was completely emerged (like pangea theory) then we have to admit that water at some point swallowed up a vast percentage of the continents.  So we have to explain why the water was not originally there. Also how the earth ended up emerged.
f. ring of fire
Along the coast of both sides of the pacific ocean there is a string of volcanoes that have been active.  This indicates that the sinking pacific plate built a great friction.

g. Asian pacific trenches
The pacific plate is tilted. The North American Rockies and South american Andes scooped the plates upwards and the plate is digging into asia still by the force gravity growing the trenches.
H. Himalayas
The same pressure digging into the trenches would kick up earth.thus rising the Himalayan Mountains.

I.East 90 ridge

The east 90 ridge is bizarre in that it stretches directly north and south. this crack implicitly represents a motion either north or south.  I know of no uniformitarian explanation.  However the Gamma Ray burster impact could be understood as making  the globe bob up and down thus making such as cataclysm. Also the force is doubling the rise of the Himalayan mountains.

J. Canopy destroyed

K. Ice Age
The canopy shattered will release most of it's waters and ice.  The frozen hydrogen will pull the ice towards the North and South poles. This will form the ice age which itself will release massive floods over the next few generations.

L. Rainbow

With the falling celestial snow we would see an effect much like the northern lights all over the globe.  Perhaps this was the rainbow which God had presented to Noah.

M. Mt. of God
"Mount Meru (Sanskrit: मेरु, Tibetan: ཪི་རྒྱལ་པོ་རི་རབ་, Sumeru, Sineru or Mahameru) is the sacred five-peaked mountain of Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist cosmology and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.["
  The piling snow which would be gathered at the north pole would imaginably be the greatest mountain like body ever seen.  A mountain peaking in Heaven is a common mythological archetype all over the world. It is reasonable that such a body temperarily existed in reality during the ice age after the canopy was shattered.  If it is an ice body then the remaining arctic ocean is implicit evidence of its remains.

N. Days of Peleg
Genesis 10:25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan."
    "[Peleg, palag, or PLG] often contains within it a reference.  It is refer to a stream of water in Hebrew, Coptic, Ethiopic and in Greek.  The root is used to refer to irrigation canals which carried the water throughout the farming land of Mesopatamia" Hebrew professor Bernard Northrup "Continental drift and the fossil record"
     The ice age would eventually melt and cause great floods changing the sea levels and moving vast amounts of earth. Obviously the name Pelag and the prophetic mention of the earth being divided point to a physical dividing of the nations after the ice age.
The Glaciers turning into water starting floods would account for the previously mentioned black sea floods alongside many geological features.

O. Man on the moon

The face of the moon always faces the earth. The moon spins on the earth's axus but not its own.  So the great craters on the face of the moon came from the earth.
"The fountains of the great deep launched rocks and muddy water into space. As rocks moved farther from Earth, Earth’s gravity became less significant to them, and the gravity of nearby rocks became increasingly significant. Consequently, many rocks, assisted by their mutual gravity and surrounding clouds of water vapor that produced aerobraking, merged to become asteroids. (Isolated rocks in space are meteoroids.) Drag forces caused by water vapor and thrust forces produced by the radiometer effect concentrated most smaller asteroids in what is now the asteroid belt. Larger asteroids were acted on longer by more powerful forces which pushed them out beyond Neptune’s orbit."

P.  Electromagnetic field destabilized
"In 2013, NASA discovered a third transient belt that exists in between these two belts. Researchers concluded this third layer must have been created by a powerful interplanetary shockwave, which itself was created during a coronal mass ejection (CME) from our sun. "

The fountains of the great deep exploding would also escape earth's atmosphere.  The new Van Allen belt could easily be an effect from such an event..

   What does the flood mean?

The great flood   
 2 Peter 3:and saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation."
 Matthew 24:37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, 39 and knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be
jude 1: And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. 
2 Peter 2: and spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
1 Peter 3:19 by which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; 20 which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.   21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ: 22 who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
Revelation 3: I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.
2 Peter 3: whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:
Hebrews 11:By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

Typically, when we examine a miracle in terms of theology You are either dealing with A. spiritual) an action utterly in a non-physical realm.
B. creative) an physical action which defies all scientific law
C. providential) an action which though rational defies the odds or the norm.

A, may be held by held by those who are either existentialists or atheists,  but have no capability to maintain a serious view of the scriptures sense they have ripped 100% historical value away from a historical text.
B.  The flood is reported along side nature.  it requires so much time to rain and for the waters to maintain and so much time for the waters to be asswaged.  Therefore it is not a creative miracle.
C. The flood is a natural event but a providential miracle and it may contain the spiritual miracle of prophecy.

        If the great flood happened, then how Did noah have knowledge to make an Ark to survive it?
Not only do we have a case of supernatural revelation pointing to the existence of God.  But we have a judgement of God  destroying a civilization in judgement vindicating the standards of God.  We have a planet full  of dead fosssils pointing to a God who is active in the affairs of men.  A God who is not afraid of man's opinion nor unwilling to strip him of liberties if the situation demands it.  This is a very fearful thing.